《紫藤萝瀑布》练习题四

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一、文学常识填空:  (1)《紫藤萝瀑布》作者________,她是________代女作家。

(2)在描写紫藤萝花时,作者按照花瀑,________,________,的顺序,这是由________ 到________的顺序来写的。

 (3)本文采用________的表现手法,表达了作者热爱生活 积极进取的思想感情。

二、读课文回答问题

1.题目用了什么修辞方法?有何作用?                                                                                  

                                                                                

2.“我不由停住了脚步”有什么作用?                                                                               

                                                                                 

3.文章把紫藤萝称作瀑布,描写瀑布,使用的三个既形象又贴切的动词是?

                                                                                

4.揣摩语句,谈谈你的理解。(注意修辞的运用和作者丰富的想象力)

(1)从未见过开得这样盛的藤萝,只见一片辉煌的淡紫色,像一条瀑布,从空中垂下,不见其发端,也不见其终极。                                                                                

                                                                                

(2)紫色的大条幅上,泛着点点银光,就像迸溅的水花,仔细看时,才知道那是每一朵紫花是的最浅淡的部分,在和阳光互相挑逗。

                                                                                 

                                                                                

                                                                                

 (3)“只是深深浅浅的紫,仿佛在流动,在欢笑,在不停地生长。”紫色的藤萝为什么会“流动”?                                                                                 

                                                                                

(4)花朵儿一串挨着一串,一朵接着一朵,彼此推着挤着,好不活泼热闹!

                                                                                 

                                                                                

 (5)每一朵盛开的花就像是一个小小的张满了的帆,帆下带着尖底的舱,船舱鼓鼓的;又像忍俊不禁的笑容,就要绽开似的。

                                                                                

                                                                                 

5.第7节中,“它”指的是什么?                                                                                 

6.“别的一切”指什么                                                                                 

7.为什么带走了焦虑和悲痛?

                                                                                

11.文中写了不同时期的紫藤萝,并引发了作者不同的感慨,根据你的理解请回答:

(1)十多年前,曾看到家门外的紫藤萝稀落、伶仃,作者感觉到伤感、遗憾。

                                                                                

                                                                                

(2)如今,面前盛开的紫藤萝一派生机勃勃,作者的心情是感动、宁静、喜悦 

                                                                                

                                                                                 

12.“东一串,西一串”能不能删?为什么?

                                                                                

                                                                                

9.“香气似乎是浅紫色的”这句话中“香气”是从嗅觉上说的,“紫色”是从视觉上说的,把嗅觉上的“香气”比作视觉上的“紫色”,该怎样理解?谈谈你的看法。

                                                                                

                                                                                

                                                                                 

10.文章中写十多年前的紫藤萝有什么意图?

                                                                                

                                                                                

8.怎样理解“我沉浸在这繁密的花朵的光辉中,别的一切暂时都不存在,有的只是精神的宁静和生的喜悦。”

                                                                                

                                                                                

13.第8节中“遗憾”什么意思?为什么遗憾?

                                                                                 

14.如何理解“紫色的瀑布遮住了粗壮的盘虬卧龙般的枝干,不断地流着,流着,流向人的心底。”

                                                                                

                                                                                

15.“它是万花朵中一朵,也正是一朵一朵花,组成了万花灿烂的流动的瀑布。”蕴涵了怎样的哲理?

                                                                                

                                                                                

16.请找出本文的主旨句,并结合自己的生活体验,谈谈对文章主旨的理解。

                                                                                 

                                                                                

17.“我不觉加快了脚步”,我为何加快了脚步?

                                                                                

 

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